A doleful-looking bulldog has become an Instagram sensation because her 'woe-is-me' expression has led to her being dubbed the unhappiest pooch in the world. 一只愁容满面的牛头犬在Ins上火了，因为一副“天然丧”的表情，她被冠以世界上最悲伤的狗狗的称号。This English bulldog from Germany, righteously named Madame Eyebrows, has splendid grey spots above her eyes which perfectly resemble eyebrows. And it turns out that a bulldog with eyebrow spots is a peculiar combination that makes this puppy look terribly grumpy.这只英国斗牛犬来自德国，两眼之上长着非常抢眼的灰色斑点，神似两条眉毛，这与她的名字“眉毛夫人”十分贴切。事实证明，当牛斗犬长出眉毛斑纹，这种特殊的结合让这只小狗看起来非常不开心。 When you look at Madame Eyebrows it seems that this dog feels absolutely no joy in her life. But according to her owner Janina, her dog’s appearance is very deceiving. 在外人看来，“眉毛夫人”似乎一副生无可恋的样子。但据她的主人雅尼娜称，她的外表可是非常具有欺骗性的。Madame is actually a very happy and goofy dog. “In real life, you have to see her only a few minutes and you see that she is happy,” Janina told Dodo. “We don’t see only her sad face. We see how funny she is! And how much love she gives to us.” She loves to give kisses and wiggle her tail in excitement.“眉毛夫人”实际上是一只非常欢乐蠢萌的狗狗。雅尼娜告诉Dodo网站：“在现实生活中，你只要盯着她看上几分钟，就会发现她很欢脱。我们不止看到她悲伤的表情，还发现了她有趣的灵魂，以及给我们带来了多少爱。”她喜欢亲吻人，兴奋地摇尾巴。 Madame has 32,000 Instagram followers thanks to cute pics taken by her owner.“眉毛夫人”目前已经凭借主人为她拍摄的可爱照片吸引了32000个Ins粉丝。不过和同样自带表情包的“暴躁猫”相比，这只“悲伤汪”只能算小有名气。 The Grumpy Cat is perhaps the most famous expressive pet with her army of 2.4 million followers on Instagram. “暴躁猫”可能是最有名的宠物表情帝，她在Ins上拥有240万粉丝。The sullen puss, whose real name is Tardar Sauce, became an internet sensation thanks to her permanently grumpy facial appearance caused by an underbite and feline dwarfism.一脸不爽的“暴躁猫”真名叫“塔达酱”，她因反颌和猫侏儒症，总是一副怒气冲冲的样子，因此走红网络。 The cat first came to prominence when the brother of owner Tabatha Bundesen posted a snap of the cat of Reddit in 2012 prompting users to create hilarious parodies of the moody pet.“暴躁猫”第一次进入人们的视线是在2012年，当时猫主人塔巴萨?邦德森的兄弟将“暴躁猫”的照片发布在红迪网上，鼓励大家制作有趣的恶搞图片。 Since then, the Grumpy Cat has appeared on American TV, released books and even has her own line of merchandise bringing in a whopping $100 million in just two years.此后，“暴躁猫”登上美国电视台，出了书，甚至拥有自己的系列产品，在短短两年内收入高达1亿美元（约合人民币6.3亿元）。
1。 as…as 和……一样 中间必须用形容词或副词原级。例如： This classroom is as big as that one。 这间教室和那间一样大。 He runs as fast as Tom。 他和汤姆跑的一样快。 否定结构：not as/so…as，“不如……”。上面的两个句子可分别改为： This classroom is not as/so large as that one。 这间教室不如那间大。 He doesn’t run as/so fast as Tom。 他跑得不如汤姆快。 2。 as soon as 一……就…… 用来引导时间状语从句。若主句是一般将来时，从句要用一般现在时。例如： I’ll tell him the plan as soon as I see him。 我一看到他就告诉他这个计划。 He’ll go home as soon as he finishes his work。 他一完成工作就回家。 3。 be busy/enjoy/hate/go on/finish doing sth。 忙于/喜欢/讨厌/继续/完成做某事 在enjoy， finish， hate， go on， be busy等词语后，一般用动词-ing形式作宾语。例如： Lin Tao is busy making a model plane。 林涛正忙着做飞机模型。 My mother enjoys taking a walk after supper。 我妈妈喜欢晚饭后散步。 I hate watching Channel Five。 我讨厌看五频道。 When someone asked him to have a rest， he just went on working。 当有人让他休息一会儿时，他仍继续工作。 I have finished writing the story。 我已经写完了故事。 4。 fill…with 用……装满。。。。。。; be filled with 充满了……;be full of 充满了。。。。。。 ①be filled with 说明由外界事物造成的此种状态，表示被动。例如： The box is filled with food。 盒子里装满了食物。 ②be full of说明主语处于的状态。此外，还可表示程度，意为“非常”。例如： The patient’s room is full of flowers。 那个病人的房间摆满了花。 The young man is full of pride。 那个年轻人非常骄傲。 ③这两种结构还可以相互改写。例如： I fill the box with food。 The box is full of food。 5。 be good/bad for 有利于/有害于…… 此句型是：be+adj。+for+n。结构。例如： Doing morning exercises is good for your health。 做早操对你的健康有益。 Always playing computer games is bad for your study。 总玩电脑游戏对你的学习不利。 6。 be used to(doing) sth。 习惯于…… 后必须接名词或动名词，可用于现在、过去、将来的多种时态。be 可用get，become来代替。 例如： He is used to life in the country。(He is used to living in the country。) 他习惯于乡村生活。 He will get used to getting up early。 他将会习惯于早起。 注意：be used to do 的意思是“被用来做……”。例如： Wood is used to make paper。 木材被用来造纸。 7。 both…and…两者都…… 用来连接两个并列成分;当连接两个并列主语时，其后谓语动词用复数。例如： Both the students and the teachers will go to the History Museum tomorrow。 不论老师还是学生明天都会去历史博物馆。 8。 can’t help doing sth。 禁不住做某事 help在此的意思是“抑制，忍住”，其后接动词-ing形式。例如： His joke is too funny。 We can’t help laughing。 他的笑话太有趣了，我们禁不止笑了起来。 9。 sth。 costs sb。 some money 某物花费某人多少钱 此句型的主语是物。cost一词带的是双宾语，它的过去式、过去分词和原型一样。 This book cost me five yuan。 这本书花了我五元钱。 10。 either…or… 不是……就是……，或者……或者…… 用来连接两个并列成分，当连接并列主语时，谓语动词与邻近的主语保持一致。 You may either stay here or go home。 你可以呆在这儿，也可以回家。 Either she or I am right。 = Either I or she is right。 不是她对就是我对。 11。 enough (for sb。) to do sth。 足够……做…… 在此结构中，for用来引出不定式的逻辑主语。例如： The ice isn’t thick enough for you to walk on。 这冰还没有厚到你可以在上面走的程度。 12。 feel like doing sth。 想要做某事 此处like为介词，后面跟动词-ing形式。此句型与would like to do sth。同义。例如： I feel like drinking a cup of milk。 我想喝一杯牛奶。
攻克中考英语阅读的几大绝招，希望初中生能够拿到阅读满分。 开动脑筋推测词意 初中英语学科教学基本要求规定，学生能根据上下文推测词义，并能不借助词典读懂含有3%生词的语言材料，换言之，这就是促使学生的知识内化的过程，学生要通过知识内化将内隐的心理活动转换为外显的行为，可以借助以下的几种方法完成内化过程： 根据上下文猜测词意 如2003年中考模拟题，阅读B篇中p assed away，根据上文的An illness had kept the boy home和下文写给Rick的信中可以猜测出意为“去世”。 根据构词法猜测词意 前缀un-表反义词，如happy、unhappy，fair、unfair，important、unimportant等。 后缀- ment表名词，如develop、development，state、statement，argue、argument等。 后缀-er、-or或-ist表同源名词，如c alculate、calculator，visit、visitor，law、lawyer，wait、waiter，sci- ence、scientist，art、artist等。 统览全篇摘录要点 英语培训阅读理解是对整个文章的目的、意图、观点、立场、态度以及内在的逻辑关系的理解，而不是断章取义的一孔之见，所以统览全篇和问题是很有必要的，这些问题会给你提供信息或暗示文章中的一些重要细节。 如2002年本市中考试卷C篇阅读并回答问题中，通过对全篇的布局谋篇以及问题的设置看到的不是片言只语，而从中感悟到人文思想的体现，人类和自然界生态相辅相成的关系，从而得出第6小题：From the passage，we learn that___。答案为B: The rainforest people have done some- thing to protect their home. 在统览全篇的同时要注意要点的摘录，因为一些显性的答案是可以从要点中直接回答，而隐性的答案则是要通过对全篇的理解才能得出。统览全篇，摘录要点亦有利于检查时节省时间。 分门别类识别文体 记叙文阅读主要抓四大要素，即时间、地点、人物和事件的起因、发展和结果，以及人物之间的关系、表现，从中分析他们思想品质、性格特征等;议论文是阐明对人或事的好坏的立场观点，因此在阅读时必须正确把握文章的论点和论据，理清论证思路，再进行逻辑推理得出结论;应用文是最贴近日常生活的文体，它包括通知、广告、便条、申请书、个人简历，形式多样，题材各异，如图示、表格、地址、网址等，对这类文体的阅读应简明扼要地抓住所需信息，理解文章内容。
句型1：There＋be ＋主语＋地点状语/ 时间状语 There’s a boat in the river. 河里有条船.句型2：What’s wrong with＋sb. / sth. ？What’s wrong with your watch？你的手表有什么毛病？句型3：How do you like...？How do you like China？你觉得中国怎么样？句型4：What do you like about...？What do you like about China？你喜欢中国的什么？ 句型5：had better（not）＋动词原形You’d better ask that policeman over there. 你最好去问问那边的那个警察。 句型6：How＋adj. / adv. ＋主语＋谓语！What a/ an＋adj. ＋n. ＋主语＋谓语！How cold it is today ！今天多冷啊！What a fine picture it is！多美的一幅图画呀！ 句型7：Thank＋sb. ＋for（doing）sth.Thank you for coming to see me. 感谢你来看我。 句型8：So＋be/ 情态动词/ 助动词＋主语He is a student. So am I. 他是一个学生，我也是。 句型9：... not ... until ...He didn’t have supper until his parents came back. 直到他的父母回来他才吃饭。 句型10：比较级＋and＋比较级The baby cried harder and harder. 那孩子哭得越来越厉害。 句型11：the ＋比较级，the ＋比较级The more one has，the more one wants. 越有越贪。 句型12：... as ＋adj./ adv.＋as ...…not as(so) ＋adj. / adv. ＋as ...Do you think that art is as important as music？你认为艺术和音乐一样重要吗？Last Sunday the weather was not so wet as it is today. 上个星期天的天气不如今天的天气潮湿。 句型13：more/ less ＋adj.＋than...I think art is less important than music. 我认为艺术不如音乐重要。 句型14：stop…from doing sth.The Great Green Wall will stop the wind from blowing the earth away. 绿色长城将阻挡风吹走土壤。 句型15：both ... and ...Both you and I are students. 我和你都是学生。 句型16：either ... or...Either you or he is wrong . 不是你错就是他错。 句型17：neither ... nor ...Neither he nor I am a student. 我和他都不是学生。 句型18：... as soon as ...As soon as I see him，I’ll give him the message. 我一见到他，我就把你的消息告诉他。 句型19：... so＋adj. / adv.＋that ...I was so tired that I didn’t want to speak. 我累得连话也不想说了。 句型20：Though...＋主句Though I like writing to my pen-friend，it takes a lot of time. 虽然我喜欢给笔友写信，但它要耗费我大量时间。 句型21：be going toThis afternoon I’m going to buy a Qisu English book. 今天下午我要去买本奇速英语书。 句型22：be different fromI think this is different from Chinese names. 我认为这与汉语名字不同。 句型23：Welcome（back）to...Welcome back to school！欢迎回到学校！ 句型24：have fun doingWe’re going to have fun learning and speaking English this term. 这学期我们将兴味盎然地学习和讲英语。 句型25：... because ... / ...，so ...I don’t know all your names because this is our first lesson. 因为这是我们的第一节课，所以我并不知道你们所有人的名字。 句型26：Why don’t you ... / Why not ...Why don’t you come to school a little earlier?为什么不早点到校呢？ 句型27：make itLet’s make it half past nine. 让我们定在九点半吧！ 句型28：have nothing to doThey have nothing to do every day. 他们每天无所事事。 句型29：be sure/ be sure of/ about sth. / be sure to do sb.I think so, but I’m not sure. 我想是这样，但不敢确定。I was not sure of / about the way，so I asked someone. 我对于怎么走没有把握，所以我问别人了。 句型30：between ... and ...There is a shop between the hospital and the school. 在那家医院和那所学校之间有一家商店。 句型31：keep sb. / sth. ＋adj./ V-ing/ 介词补语/ adv.You must keep your classroom clean. 你们必须保持教室干净。Sorry to have kept you waiting. 对不起，让你久等。Can you keep him in the room ？你能让他在这个房里吗？Keep them here. 让他们在这儿呆着。 句型32：find ＋宾语＋宾补He finds it very hard to travel around the big city . 他发现要环游这个大城市是很难的。 句型33：... not ... anymore/ longerThe old man doesn’t travel any more. 这位老人不再旅行了。He isn’t a thief any longer. 他不再是个贼。 句型34：What’s the weather like...？What’s the weather like in spring in your hometown ？在你们家乡春天天气怎么样？ 句型35：There is no time to do/ have no time to doThere was no time to think. 没有时间思考。I have no time to go home for lunch. 我没有时间回家吃午饭。 句型36：Help oneself to...Help yourself to some fish. 吃鱼吧！ 句型37：used to doI used to read this kind of story books. 我过去常读这种故事书。 句型38：borrow ... fromI borrowed a Qisu English book from him. 我从他那借了一本奇速英语书。 句型39：lend sb. sth. / lend sth. to sb.He lent me a story book / He lent a story book to me. 他借了本故事书给我。 句型40：have been toHave you ever been to Haw aii？你曾去过夏威夷吗？ 句型41：have gone toWhere’s he？He’s gone to Washington. 他在哪儿？他去华盛顿了。 句型42：be famous forHawaii is famous for its beautiful beaches. 夏威夷以它美丽的海滩而出名。 句型43：No matter ＋疑问句＋主句No matter when you come，you are welcomed. 无论你们什么时候来，都受欢迎。句型44：be afraid（of / todo / that...）I’m afraid not. 恐怕不能。Don’t be afraid of making mistakes when speaking English. 当说英语时不要害怕犯错误。句型45：... as ... as possible / ... as ... as sb canI hope to see him as soon as possible. 我希望能尽快见到他。He ran here as fast as he could. 他尽最大努力跑到这儿。句型46：practise / enjoy / finish doingA young man practised speaking English with Mr Green. 一个年青人和格林先生练习说英语。Tom enjoys playing football very much. 汤姆很喜欢踢足球。He finished reading the story book. 他看完了那本故事书。 句型47：It’s said that ...It’s said that one of the most dangerous sharks is the Great White Shark. 据说最危险的鲨鱼之一是大白鲨。 句型48：Not all / everyone ...Not all sharks are alike. 并不是所有的鲨鱼都一样。Not everyone likes dumplings. 并不是每个人都喜欢饺子。 句型49：be based onHis argument is based on facts. 他的论断是以事实为根据的。 句型50：... so that ...Put the tree in the hole so that it is straight. 把树放入洞穴中，让它立直。 句型51：be＋num. ＋metres / kilometres / years...＋long / wide / deep / high / old...The Great Green Wall is 7，000 kilometres long. 绿色长城长7000公里。The river is about 2 metres deep. 这条河大约有2米深。The boy is about 12 years old . 这个男孩约12岁。 句型52：keep ... from doingThe heavy rain kept us from starting out. 大雨阻止了我们出发。 句型53：with one’s help...With Tom’s help，I’ve come to America to study further. 在汤姆的帮助下，我来美国深造。 句型54：I don’t think ...I don’t think any of them is interesting. 我认为他们中任何一个都无趣。 句型55：What’s the population of ...？What’s the population of Germany ？德国的人口有多少？ 句型56：prefer to do … rather than doThey prefer to buy a new one rather than repair it. 他们更喜欢买一辆新车，而不愿去修理它。 句型57：be worth (doing) …This book is worth reading. 这本书值得读。 句型58：regard … asThey regarded their pets as members of their families. 他们把宠物视为家庭成员。 句型59：be confident ofI’m confident of success. 我确信会成功。 句型60：seem to do / seem ＋adj. / （介词短语）He seems to be angry. 他似乎生气了。The house seems too noisy. 这房子似乎太吵了。 句型61：be angry with / about / at（doing）We’re all very angry with ourselves. 我们都很生自己的气。I was angry about his decision to build a factory here. 我很生气他决定把工厂建在这儿。I was angry at being kept waiting. 这样一直等我很生气。 句型62：pay for / pay … forHe paid for the book and went away. 他付完书款便离开了。I paid him ￡200 for the painting. 买这幅画我付了他200英镑。
中考英语模拟试题 一、听力测试(20分) (一) 听句子，选择适当的答语。每个句子读两遍。 1. A . I'd like a single room with a bath. B. You must cook for me. C. Maybe you are right. 2. A. It's in Australia. B. It's in North America. C. It's in Europe. 3. A. It's my pleasure. B. With pleasure. C. I'd like to. 4. A. My father bought the car for me. B. It cost almost 100,000 yuan. C. For only ten months. 5. A. You are welcome B. That's all right C. I'll take yours. (二) 听下面五祖对话和对话后面的问题，选择正确答案。每组对话读两遍。 6. A. Hot B. Cold C. Cloudy 7. A. At Peter's house. B. At school C. At Helen's home 8. A. Some hot coffee B. Some warm porridge C. Some iced beer 9. A. It will be held in Beijing. B. It will be held on August 8th ,2008. C. It's held every 4 years. 10. A. He is looking for his pen. B. He is looking for his friend. C. He is looking for his dictionary. (三) 听一段长对话，选择正确答案。对话读两遍。 11 . What's the date next Friday? A. June 17th . B. June 27th C. July 7th 12 . What does Linda enjoy doing? A. Reading and listening to pop music. B. Playing computer games. C. Reading and dancing. 13. What will the man buy for Linda? A. A book. B. A CD. C. A magazine about popular songs. 14. Does the man have lots of money ? How do you know? A. Yes. Because he thinks buying a CD for Linda is quite easy for him. B. No. Because he thinks it's a special gift for her. C. No. Because he thinks it's too expensive to buy a CD. 15. How old is Linda now? A. Thirteen B. Fourteen C. Fifteen. (四)听短文，根据短文内容填空。短文读两遍。 Do you know what the White House is ? Perhaps some of you do, 16 others don't. The White House is the place where the president of the USA 17 . It is in Washington D.C. It's really white. But do you know why the White House is white? The story took place in 18 .That year England was at war with America. The British captured the city and some of the buildings were set on fire, 19 the president's house. In1814 in order to hide the brown marks of the fire, all the walls of the president's house were painted white and it has been the "White House" ever 20 . 二、 单项选择(10分) 21. This is _____ song I’ve told you. Isn’t it ____ beautiful one ? A. the; a B. the; the C. a; a D. a; the 22. He isn’t like the man he ______. A. used to B. was used to C. used to be D. was used to be 23.How do you feel when you see the national flag of China______? A. raise B. raising C. rising D. to rise 24. My friend Li Xiao knows my hometown very well because he ______ there many times with me. A. has been B. has gone C. had gone D. went 25. –Would your brother go for a picnic this Sunday ? -If I don’t go, _______. A. so does he B. neither does he C. so he will D. neither will he 26. He made a fire ____ himself ____ warm. A. make; to keep B. to make; to keep C. to make; keep D. make; keep 27._________ do you think ________? A. What; he has talked about the plan B. Where; does he live C. How; has he done with the old machine D. Which; is the most important invention 28. We’re supposed to spend as much time as we can ____English. A. read B. reading C. to read D. to reading 29. –What did you see in the desk ? - Some books ____ by Lu Xun. A. are written B. written C. wrote D. were written 30. She ____ her voice to _____ better. A. rised, heard B.rose,be heard C.raised,be heard D. raised, heard 三、完形填空(15分) Happiness exists everywhere. You 31 care about those people who own beautiful houses with large gardens and swimming pools or those 32 have nice cars and a lot of money and so on. Why? Because the people who have big houses may often feel 33 and those who have cars may want to walk on the country 34 in their free time. In fact, happiness is always around you if you put your 35 into it. When you are 36 trouble at school, your friends will help you; when you study hard at your lessons, your parents are 37 taking good care of your life and your health; when you get 38, your friends will say congratulations to you; when you do 39, people around you will help you to correct it. And when you do something good to others, you will feel happy, too. All these are your happiness. If you notice 40 them, you’ll see happiness is around you. Happiness is not the same 41 money. It is a 42 of your heart. When you are poor, you can also say you are very happy, because you have something else that can’t 43 with money. When you meet with difficulties, you can say loudly that you are very happy, because you have more chances to 44 yourself. So you can’t always say you are poor and you have bad luck. As the saying goes, “Life is like a revolving 45 .When it closes, it also opens.”If you take every chance you get, you can be a happy and lucky person. 31. A. mustn’t B. needn’t C. can’t D. couldn’t 32. A. they B. / C. who D. people 33. A. worried B. alone C. happy D. lonely 34. A. roads B. streets C. fields D. ways 35. A. ears B. eyes C. heart D. nose 36. A. out of B. in C. in the D. out of the 37. A. seldom B. usually C. often D. always 38. A. confidence B. money C. success D. examination 39. A. something right B. something wrong C. anything wrong D. nothing wrong 40. A. a lot B. a number of C. a little of D. a bit of 41. A. as B. like C. from D. alike 42. A. touching B. notice C. feeling D. kind 43. A. buy B. bring C. be brought D. be bought 44. A. prevent B. challenge C. attack D. produce 45. A. window B. corridor C. door D. floor 四、阅读理解(30分) (A) American Classroom Rules 1. If the teacher asks a question, you should give an answer. If you do not understand the question, you should put up your hand and ask the teacher to repeat the question. If you don’t know the answer , it’s all right to tell the teacher that you don’t know . Then he or she knows what you need to learn. 2. There is no excuse for not doing your homework. If you can not go to school, you should call your teacher or your classmate and ask for the homework. It is your responsibility to find out what homework you have missed. It is not the teacher’s job to remind you of missed homework. 3. You must not be absent(缺席) on a test day. If you are badly ill, call and let the teacher know you will not be there for the test. If your teacher allows you to take a makeup , you should take the test within one or two days after you return to class. Bad illness is the only reason for missing a test. 4. Be on time! It’s not polite to be late. Also, it bothers other students. If you must come in late, be sure to do it quietly. Have your books out of your bag before you come into the classroom. Then go to your seat and sit quietly. In the US, it is not necessary to knock at the door before you come into the classroom. 根据短文内容，选择正确答案： 46. If you can not go to school,___________. A. the teacher will remind you of the homework B. the teacher will call you what your homework is C. you should find out what your homework is D. you don’t have to do your homework 47. If you are badly ill,__________________ A. you can’t be absent on a test day B. you should take the test within one or two days C. you should let your teacher know that you will be there for the test D. you can miss the test 48. In the US ,_______if you are late. A. it’s all right to come into the classroom within knocking at the door B. take your books out of your bag after you come into the classroom C. it’s not necessary to keep quiet when you enter the classroom D. it’s not polite to knock at the door 49. The underline word “makeup” in the 3rd paragraph means________ A. 化妆 B. 编造 C. 组成 D.补考 50. The main idea of the passage is_______ A. that you should answer the teacher’s questions in class B. that you have the responsibility to do your homework C. the rules you should follow as an American student D. that it’s polite to be on time for class (B) About ten men in every hundred have the trouble of color blindness in some way. Women are luckier, only about one in two hundred is affected(感染)in this matter. Perhaps, after all ,it is safer to be driven by a woman. There are different kinds of color blindness. For example, a man cannot see deep red. He may think that red, orange and yellow are all shades (影子) of green. Sometimes a person can’t tell the difference between blue and green. Only a few unlucky men may see everything in shades of green— a strange world indeed. Color blindness in human beings is a different thing to explain. In only one eye there are millions of very small things called “cones(锥状细胞)” . These help us to see in the bright light and to tell differences between colors. These are also millions of “rods“(杆状细胞)，but these are used for seeing when it is nearly dark. They show us shapes but not colors. Some insects have favorite colors. Mosquitoes(蚊子) like blue but do not like yellow. A red light will not attract insects, but a blue light will. Human beings also have favorite colors. Yet we are lucky. With the help of the cones in our eyes, we can see many beautiful colors by day, and with the help of the rods we can see shapes at night. 51. “Color blindness” means ______ in Chinese. A. 盲目 B. 无色 C 色盲 D 讨厌颜色 52. Some people say it’s safer to be driven by women because ________ . A. women drive more carefully B. women are better at driving than men. C. women can see things more clearly . D. there are fewer color — blind women. 53. With the help of the “cones”, we can ____. A. tell different shapes B. kill insets C. see in the dark D. tell orange from yellow 54. We can attract and kill mosquitoes by using a ____ light. A. red B. yellow C. blue D. green 55. Which of the following sentences about color blindness is TRUE? A. None of men can see deep red. B. Not all of men have the same problem in recognizing colors. C. None of men can tell the difference between blue and green. (C) In Britain you may often hear “Drop in any time” or “Come to see me soon”, but you can’t really do that. People just say those things to make you feel welcome . It is better to telephone before visiting someone at home. If you receive a written invitation to an event that says “RSVP”, you should reply to let the person who sent the invitation know whether or not you plan to go . You should never accept an invitation unless you really plan to go. You may refuse by saying, “Thank you for inviting me, but I will not be able to come.” If , after accepting , you are unable to go, be sure to tell those who are expecting you as soon as possible that you will not be there. Although it is not necessarily expected that you give a gift to your host, it is considered polite to do so, especially if you have been invited for a meal. Flowers, chocolate, or a small gift are all appropriate(合适的). A thank-you note or telephone call after the visit is also considered polite and is an appreciation for the invitation. 56. What can you do when a British friend says, “Drop in anytime” ? A. Visit him or her at any time. B. Say no time to him or her seriously C. Telephone him or her before visiting. D. Visit him or her soon. 57. What does the underlined word “RSVP” probably mean in Chinese? A. 请自便 B. 请回复 C.请审阅 D.请来访 58. What should you do if your British friend sends you an invitation but you do not want to go? A. Do not give him or her an answer. B. Tell another friend to go instead of you. C. Tell him or her that you can’t be there for some reason. D. Tell him or her that you don’t want to go there. 59. Which of the following is considered impolite in Britain? A. Buy small presents when invited. B. Refuse the invitation without telling anyone. C. Write a thank-you note after a visit. D. Give a telephone call after a visit. 60. Where would you probably see this passage? A. In an invitation. B. In a guidebook. C. On a poster. D. In a newspaper. [任务型阅读] (D) www. Cancer is a serious disease. Adults and children can get cancer. The cancer center treats many patients each year. More and more people in California need cancer treatment. Scientists are trying to find new ways to treat cancer. They also want to help cancer patients learn about the disease. A cancer center in Davis wants to 62 expand. The center wants to offer treatment and research to patients. It also wants to add a special hospital. This special hospital is for children with cancer. More space is needed. More money is needed, too. A woman lost her son to cancer. He was only five years old when he died. She wants to do something to help other children with cancer. She wants more research to be done, so other children won’t get sick. One thing she can do is donate money to the cancer center. She donated a large amount of money to help treat children with cancer. It will be an expensive project. The woman’s donation will help, but much more money is needed. A local university will provide some of the money. The rest of the money will be donated by local people. They expect that it will take two years to raise the rest of the needed funds. 根据短文内容简要回答问题。 61.According to the passage, what are scientists trying to do? 62. The underlined word “expand” means_______ in Chinese. 63.Why did the woman donate a lot of money to the cancer center? 64.How long will it take to raise the rest of the needed funds? 65.Not only__________but also ______________is needed to add a special hospital. (E) Confidence is very important in daily life. It can help you develop a healthy attitude. A study shows that the people who are more confident are much healthier. They can have more chance to make themselves successful. But how to be more confident? Here are some suggestions: Speak loud when you are not confident, you can’t do well what you want to do. You speak in a voice so low that other people can hardly hear you. Try to speak loud enough so that people can hear you clearly. The high voice can help you become more confident. Play sports Physical exercise makes you tired but completely relaxed. 68. A strong body helps you full of confidence. Encourage yourself Write down a list of things you did during the day to see how many things you have done well. Did you finish your homework? Did you tell a joke that made everybody laugh ? Give yourself praise for the good things you’ve done. Get rid of(消除) fear Fear comes along with failure. But it’s easy to overcome if you know that failure is part of your life. Don’t hide your head just because you said something stupid last time. Try to start again and believe you can do better. Pick up a hobby If you like singing, sing as much as you can. 69. In some ways, a hobby can make you outstanding. And it will make you happy and confident. 任务一：根据短文内容简要回答问题。 66.How many suggestions can help you to be more confident? _________________________________________________. 67.How can you encourage yourself ? __________________________________________________. 任务二：将短文中划线的句子译成汉语。 68.________________________________________________. 69.________________________________________________. 任务三：请给短文拟一个适当的标题。 70.¬________________________________________________. 第II卷(满分45分) 五、词汇运用(10分) A) 根据句意和所给的中文提示，补全句中所缺的单词。 1. His rich ___________( 经历) have made a deep impression on us. 2. After the terrible avalanche, few of people_________(生还). 3.My grandmother fainted suddenly, I called for an ________(救护车). 4. Almost everyone has some musical ________(能力). 5.When I first went to a foreign country, I found everything was_______(不熟悉的)。 B) 根据句意，用所给词的适当形式填空。 6. He was still in the sea and hoped to _______(save) by others. 7.You shouldn’t have _______(go)out without permission. 8. You must do everything you can _______(improve) your English. 9. There were some people________(injury) in the fire. 10. He is looking forwards to _________(encourage) by his headteacher.六、补全句子(10分) 1.当别人嘲笑你时，你应当置之不理。 When you are _____ ____, you should _____ no ______ to it. 2.你最好和父母商量一下这些问题。 You ____ _____ _____ the problems _____ with your parents. 3.我们邀请来参加派对的人中有三人未出席。 Three of those we invited to the party didn’t _____ _____. 4.防止物价上涨是中国政府要解决的最重要问题之一。 _______ the prices from ______ is one of the most important problems _____ the Chinese Government needs to ______. 5.他喜欢与朋友闲逛而不喜欢与父母呆在一起共度时光。 He_____ ______ ______ _____ with his friends ____ _____ time with his mother. 七、短文填空(10分) Every day cars kill or hurt many people on roads. Sometimes the drivers drive too fast or do not drive carefully enough. Some of them b 1 the traffic rules and cause accidents. A 2 to some researchers, it is usually the pedestrians(行人) who c 3 the accidents. A lot of road users are very careless. They walk or run a 4 the roads in front of the cars. They walk in the roads but not on the walkways. They get into or out of cars in the middle of the road. Some do not take the trouble to wait for the green lights and simply cross the roads a 5 the red lights. Many people think accidents often happen in busy roads in large cities, but this is not always true. For example, Tokyo is one of the world’s largest cities and probably one of the b 6 cities. However, there are few accidents to pedestrians. The r 7 is that the police there are very strict and the pedestrians are very careful. Pedestrians never cross against a red light and they always follow traffic rules. Do you know alcohol(酒精) is another main cause of traffic ? It delays people’s response. Those who have d 8 alcohol are slow in making decisions. They need a few more s 9 to react(反应). Alcohol drinking is e 10 dangerous for motor car drivers. It is not only drivers who may have accidents after drinking, drunken pedestrians may put their lives in danger as well. 1._________ 2.________ 3.________ 4.________ 5._________ 6._________7._________8.________9._________10.________ 八、书面表达(15分) 假如你是方悦，你的朋友Juliana从美国来你的学校，将一起参加考试，她有点紧张。作为朋友，请你写几条建议给她，告诉他注意事项： 1. 要制定一个复习计划; 2. 考试前要早早上床，要有充足的睡眠; 3. 考试前要吃好早餐; 4. 自由发挥一两条建议。 注意：不要逐条翻译，可以适当增加谈论话题时经常用到的词语和连接词，使所写内容连贯。所写内容必须包括以上所有内容，次数不少于100。开头和结尾已写好，不计入总词数。 Dear Juliana, I’m sorry to hear that you’re worried about your exams. Here’s some advice. ______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ _________________________________. 中考英语模拟试题参考答案 一、 听力(每个1分) 1-5A B A C B 6-10 B C C B C 11-15 B A C C C 16. while 17. lives 18. 1812 19. including 20. since 二、选择 (每个1分) 21-25 A C C A D 26-30 C D B B C 三、完形填空 (每个1分) 31-35 B C D A C 36-40 B D C B D 41-45 A C D B C 四、阅读理解(每个1分) 46-50 C D A D C 51-55 C D D C B 56-60 C B C B B 61. They are trying to find new ways to treat cancer. 62. 扩大 63.To help treat other children with cancer. 64. Two years. 65.more space more money 66.Five suggestions. /Five /5. 67. Give yourself/myself praise for the good things you’ve/I’ve done. 68.强健的体魄有助于你充满自信。 69.在某些方面的爱好可以使你变得出众。 70. How to be more confident/Suggestions to be confident . 五、词汇(每个1分) 1. experiences 2. survived 3. ambulance 4. abilities 5. unfamiliar 6. be saved 7. gone 8. to improve 9. injured 10. being encouraged 六、翻译(每空0.5分) 1. laughed at; pay attention 2. had better talk ; over 3. show up 4. prevent/ keep/ stop ; rising; that; solve 5. would rather hang out; than spend 七、短文填空(每个1分) 1. break 2. According 3. cause 4. across 5. against 6. busiest 7. reason 8. drunk 9. seconds 10. especially 八、书面表达(15分) 1.字数不够 -2分 2.要点不全 -3分 3.语法、语言点错， 每处-1分 4.拼写错误 每处-0.5分
英语语法向来是同学们一直搞不清楚的英语难题，今天君君就给大家分享了一篇关于初中英语语法的文章。希望大家看完这篇之后，能弄清楚这九大基本时态是怎么回事儿了~ 九种基本时态 1、一般现在时概念： 表示经常发生的动作或经常存在的状态。常和 always , often , usually , sometimes , every day 等表时间的状语连用。如：1) I go to school every day . 我每天都去学校。(表经常)2) He is always like that . 他总是那样。 (表状态)构成： 1) 主语 + be (am / are / is ) +……2) 主语 + 实义动词 + …2、一般过去时概念：1) 表示过去某个时间发生的动作或存在的状态.常和表示过去的时间状语连用. 如: yesterday , last week , in 1998 , two days ago等.如： I went to a movie yesterday. 我昨天去看了一场电影.2) 也可表示过去经常或反复发生的动作.如: He always went to work by bike last week.构成：1) 主语 + be (was / were ) +……2) 主语 + 实义动词过去式 +3、现在进行时概念：表示现在(说话瞬间)正在进行或发生的动作.如：He is singing.They are watching TV now.构成：主语 + 助动词be(am/are/is) + 动词-ing形式构成.4、过去进行时概念：表示过去某一时刻或某一段时间正在进行的动作. 这一特定的过去时间除了有上下文暗示外,一般用时间状语来表示.如：1) ---What were you doing?---I was jumping.2) ---What was the boy doing when the UFO arrived?---He was sleeping.构成： 主语 + 助动词be(was/were) + 动词-ing形式构成.5、一般将来时概念：表示将来某个时间要发生的动作或存在的状态,也表示将来经常或反复发生的动作,常与表示将来的时间状语连用,如: tomorrow, next week, next year, in the future等.如：He will go shopping tomorrow.They are going to play basketball next week.构成：1) 主语 + 助动词will + 动原 +…2) 主语 + be going to + 动原 + ….6、过去将来时概念：表示在过去将来的某一时间发生的动作或存在的状态.构成：1) 主语(第一人称) + 助动词should + 动原 +…2) 主语 + would + 动原 + ….3) 主语 + was/ were going to +动原…用法：过去将来时除了上下文暗示外,一般常用在间接引语中,主句谓语动词为过去时态.如：1) I should go.2) You knew I would come.3) They were going to Naning.7、现在完成时构成：主语 + 助动词 ( have / has ) + 动词过去分词 +…用法：表示过去发生或已经完成的动作对现在造成的影响或结果如：---Have you had your lunch yet?---Yes, I have. (现在我不饿了)8、现在完成进行时概念：表示从过去某一时间开始持续到现在的动作.这一动作可能是刚刚开始,也可能仍在继续,并可能延续到将来.构成：主语 + 助动词 (have / has ) + been + 动词-ing +…如：1) I have been sitting here for an hour.2) She has been collecting stamps for about 6 years.9、过去完成时构成： 主语 + 助动词 had + 动词过去分词 +…用法：表示过去在过去某一时间或动作之前已经发生或完成了的动作.它表示的动作发生的时间是”过去的过去”.表示过去某一时间可用by, before 等构成的短语,也可用when, before, 等引导的从句或者通过上下文表示.如：I had finished my homework when my mom came back home.
认识前后缀对于记忆单词来说有事半功倍的效果。下面这些前缀和后缀是高中英语单词学习中经常遇到的，均配有例词，好好记记吧！ 前 缀 一、表示否定的前缀 1.dis- 加在名词、 形容词， 动词之前。disadvantage (缺点)，dishonorable(不光彩的)，disagree(不同意) 2.in- 加在形容词， 名词之前 incorrect(不正确的)，inability(无能，无力)，inaccurate (不准确的) 3. im- 加在字母 m,b,p 之前 impossible (不可能的)， impolite (不礼貌的) 4. il- 加在以 l 开头的词前 illegal (非法的)， illiterate (文盲的， 无文化的)， illogical (不合逻辑的) 5. ir- 加在以 r 开头的词前 irregular (不稳定的) ， irresistable (不可抵抗的) ， irresolvable(不能分解的，不能解决的) 6.un- 加在名词，形容词，副词之前 unfinished(未完成的)， undoubted(无疑的)，unemployment(失 业) 7. non- 加在形容词， 名词前 non-existence (不存在)， non-essential (不主要的)，non-electrical(非电的) 8. mis- 加在动词、名词之前 misunderstand (误解) ， misjudge (误判)， misleading (误导)， misfortune (不幸) 9. dis- 加地动词之前 disappear(消失)，disarm(解除武装)， disconnect (失去联系) 10. de- 加在名词， 形容词之前 decolor (脱色， 漂白) 11. anti- 加在名词、形容词之前 anti-Japanese(抗日战争)，anti-social(厌恶社会的，反社会的)， antidite(解毒药) 12. counter- 加在名词、动词前 counterattack(反 攻，反击)，counteract(抵抗，阻碍)，counterrevolution(反革命) 二、表示“前”的前缀1. pre：pre-exsiting (先于……而存在的)，pre-selection(选举前的)， preface(前 言) 2. ante：anteroom(前室，接待室)，antecessor(先行者，先驱 者) 3. fore：forehaed(前额)，foreground(前景)，foreman(工头， 领班)，foresee(预见，先见)，foretell(预言) 4. pro：programme (计划)，prologue(序幕) 5. ex：ex-president(前任总统)， ex-wife (前妻) 三、表示“后”的前缀post：post-war(战后)， post-position(后置词) 四、表示“低”、“下” 的前缀四、表示“低”、“下” 的前缀sub：sub-editor(副编辑)，sub-way(地铁)，sub-conscious(下意识的)，submarine(海下的)， subtropical(亚热带的)，subtitle(副标题) 五、表示“回”、“再次”、 “向后”的前缀1. re：retranslate (再译)， reinforce (加强)，reconstruct(重建)，return(返回) 2. retro：retrograde (倒退的)，retrospect(回顾) 六、表示“共同”、“和”的前缀co: co-exist(共存)，co-operate(合作)，co-education(男女同校) 七、表示“相互”、“之间”的前缀inter：interchangeble (可互换的)，international(国际的) 八、表示“出”、“超出”的前缀extra：extraordinary (非凡的)，extramural(校外的)，extrasensory(超感觉的) 九、其它的前缀1. auto- 自：automatic (自动的)，autobiography(自传) 2. tele-远： telegram(电报)，telephone(电话)，telescope(望远镜) 3. bi-，di- 二：biyearly (二年一次的)，biweekly(二周一次的) 4. tri- 三 ：triangle(三角)，tripod(三角架) 5. multi- 多： multi-colored (颜色多样的)，multi-national(多国的) 6. arch- 首领 ：archbishop(大主教)， architect(建筑师) 7. bene- 善，好： benefit(利益)，benevolence (善意) 8. homo- 同： homosexual(同性恋的)，homograph(同形异义字) 9. se- 分离： separation (分开)， secure (安全的)， sedition (煽动叛乱) 10. centi- 百：centimeter(厘米) 11. milli- 千：millimeter(毫米) 12. kilo-千：kilowatt (千瓦)，kilometer(千米) 后 缀一、名词后缀1. -ster，-eer，-er(or)：意为从事某 种职业或参与某种活动的人例词：gamester，gangster，songster，engineer，profiteer，mountaineer， auctioneer，driver，teacher，director，actor，professor 2. -let：意为小或者不重要的东西例词：booklet，leaflet， starlet 3. -ess：意为女性例词： actress， poetess， hostess， paintress 4. -hood：意为:时期例词：boyhood，childhood，manhood 5. -ship：意为才能， 状态， 资格， 品质等例词：leadership，friendship，membership，lectureship， sportsmanship 6. -ful：意为量例词： cupful，handful， mouthful，spoonful 7. -tion，-ion：意为1)状态， 行动等；2)机构等例词：organization， foundation 8. -ment：意为状态，行动等例词： movement， enslavement， pavement 9. -al：意为动作例词： arrival， refusal， revival， recital， removal 10. -age：意为程度， 数量等例词：wastage，coverage， acreage，shrinkage，breakage， hostage 11.-ness；-ity(ty)：意为状态，品质例词： happiness， usefulness， selfishness， kindness， rapidity， activity， sanity，changeability 12. -ism：意为道义，主义，学说等例词：idealism， impressionism，racism 二、动词后缀1. -ify：意为转为，变为例词：beautify， diversify， simplify 2. -ize；-en：意为使……，变得……例词： modernize， popularize， legalize， hospitalize， symbolize， ripen，widen，heighten，threaten 3. -ate：意为增加，使……例词：originate，validate， differentiate 三、形容词后缀1.-ful：意为充满，有例词： useful， pitiful，hopeful， helpful， forgetful， thankful，fearful 2. -less：意为没有例词： speechless， childless， harmless， hopeless，meaningless 3. -ly：意为有……品质的例词：manly， brotherly，friendly 4. -like：意为像……的例词： childlike，statesmanlike，tiger-like 5. -y；-ish：意为像……一般的例词： meaty， sandy， silky， hairy， leafy， watery，foolish，girlish，blackish，thinnish 6. -some：意为像……一 样的；引起……的；有……品质的例词： troublesome， burdensome， wholesome， tiresome， bothersome 7. -able (ible)：意为能……的； 可以……的例词：changeable， readable，drinkable，comfortable，expansible，convincible 8. -ed：意为有……的例词：wooded，pointed，moneyed， odd-shaped 9.-al：意为有……属性的，……类型的 例词：cultural，personal，regional，musical 10.-ary(ory)：意为属于……的， 与……相连的例词： revolutionary， imaginary， contradictory 11. -ous：意为：富含......的；有......品质的； 像......的例词： glorious，gracious 12. -ic(ical)：意为……类的；属于……的例词：historic，historical，methodic，methodical， dramatic，heroic 13. -ive：意为有……属性的；有某种倾向的例词：attractive， talkative， restrictive，defensive，preventive，constructive，sensitive 四、副词后缀1. -ly：意为以……方式例词：happily， boldly，attentively， strangely 2. -ward(s)：意为表示方式或动作的方向 例词：onward(s)，backward(s)，earthward(s)，homeward (s)，eastward(s)